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'Smiling he poured himself an ouzo.'
Is 'smiling' a gerund?
Also is 'poured' a transitive verb
He sounds like a right Gerund to me.
C) it's down to personal choice
I have no idea what a gerund is and no idea how you tell if a verb is transitive.
But, much like yourself, I was about to get all up in his comma grill.
'To' is a preposition
'Come' is a verb
'To come' is a verb intransitive
To come, to come.
Chumbawamba lyrics for you all there. I might just apply Guntrip/Simpsons logic and quote some of them in every thread.
I hope you're happy with yourself.
- a leper
So much :D
no, it's not.
is the present participle?
I'm pretty confident actually. Yes. Even if the Wikipedia article confuses me immensely.
I'm not sure.
do people really know/understand these technical terms? I just read what I write out loud, and if it sounds alright, I go with it.
But yes, I think the point is that if you pay attention you can get it right without knowing the rules as you do automatically with speech.
Like the thing where fluent French speakers just know if something is feminine or masculine.
There is so much crazy shit. Modal and auxiliary verbs, bare infinitives, compound verbs. I'm quite confused.
It's the past participle.
SHUT UP. It's a participle.
Glad that's sorted.
But 'poured' is transitive here because it takes an object. Indeed, it's ditransitive because it has both a direct and an indirect object - 'an ouzo' and 'himself' respectively.
However, I can imagine sentences where poured could be used transitively - without an object. 'The sky filled with clouds, and the rain poured down'. That kind of thing.
Smiling isn't a gerund here, strictly speaking, because it's not being used as a noun.
So in the sentence:
'Living in Greece was the best thing that had ever happened to him.'
Happened is a past participle, but also a transitive verb as it happens to him, right?
So I apologize if my answer isn't completely satisfactory. I'm confident that you are right to say that 'living' is intransitive, as there is no object.
I don't believe 'happened' is transitive, though, because it requires a preposition - happen *to* someone/something - to define the recipient of the action. As far as I understand it, a transitive verb takes an object without a preposition. For example 'he gave me a book', 'I enjoyed the film'. That seems to be the thrust of it.
*jumps off nearest building*
Thank you kindly.
'Living' is a gerund. 'was' is the intransitive in that sentence.