Probably opening a HUGE can of worms here, but there's a couple of very interesting articles in Wire this month.
Firstly, the guy from Awesome Tapes From Africa argues that we need to expose African musicians to globalisation and integrate them with the global music economy, rather than acting like a paternalistic guardian. Personally, think this is a VERY good and well thought out piece, aside from the slightly suspect 'but it's too hard to pay african musicians segment' (although I'll allow him that as I have no experience of the field..)
Secondly, a letter from an African avant-garde musician who critiques William Bennett for calling an album Afro-Noise and disenfranchising a whole group of musicians of their own genre. You can read it here: http://www.exacteditions.com/read/the-wire/june-2012-31131/6/3/afro%20blues%20la%20bruha%20desi%20la%20wire
You can also read The Masthead (editorial) which mentions both, here: http://www.exacteditions.com/exact/browse/435/493/31131/3/4
I'm sharing those links as I think a) more people should read Wire for stuff like this which no-one else remotely covers and b) I think it's a very interesting debate.
Where do you come down in this debate?